Sexual psychotherapy is a clinical psychology area applied to treatment of sexual complaints. In this approach, some constructs and concepts from psychology that are important as part of the treatment process or as basis for specific techniques: Social Learning is described as the capacity of an individual to reproduce an observed behavior. It is an essential process of socialization, described by three assumptions, social learning itself, the reciprocal determinism and self-efficacy. Application of such concept assists both in identification of inadequacies of an individual and in composition of strategies and interventions in its modeling process, reproduction of the observed behavior, monitoring and enhancement. An efficient learning model is considered in the change of a behavior, which observation of the other allows for creation of a cognitive image of the way to act of an individual, serving as guideline for actions. Self-efficacy is described as the feeling that allows for adequacy and competency for facing problems. The individual perceives self-esteem, trust or own value which allow for him/her to believe that he/she can perform certain behavior as required. Such concept is used to check trust and effort the individual shall use in certain sexual function. Male and female sexual selfefficacy scales will allow for understanding the beliefs on sexual performance of the individual in a variety of sexual situations. Social abilities are the set of behaviors emitted in view of the needs of an interpersonal situation, provided that they maximize the gains and reduce losses for the social interactions. Great part of the behavioral problems is kept by production of positive and negative reinforcers. The social abilities are worked in parallel to the sexual dysfunction approach. Both the individual and the couple are the focus of such approach. Cognitive Structure, two aspects are presented to be considered when we associate cognitions and sexual complaints: Contents that may be des/constructive for sexual performance; distortive irrational cognitive processes. The content aspect is more visible and even held liable for the sexual issue. The distortive thought processes may be held liable for several anxiogenic and depressive statuses related to the sexual issue. Thought anticipation and reading, tunneling,negative aspect magnification, positive aspect minimization processes are some distortive processes found in such sexual issues. Assertiveness in sexual behavior, when the couple looks for assistance and treatment for their dysfunctional sexual the punitive verbal behavior repertory, and not only it, is already established. Social ability, a constant in the lives of each of the individuals comprising the couple, no longer exists as priority in a life of a couple. The possibility to develop a quality sexual life to both and together, takes place from the process to assertively communicate the needs and what is not satisfactory in the sexual relation. Upon statement of an inadequate sexual behavior in a couple, the behavior to express the negative feelings becomes an important variable to be worked by in the psychotherapy process. The goal is that the couple may learn to admit failures, agreement, among many other behaviors.
Título: Constructs and concepts in psychology applied to sexual psychotherapy
Autores: Juliana Simão Bonetti; Oswaldo Martins Rodrigues Jr; Ítor Finotelli Jr.; Diego Henrique Viviani; Carla Zeglio; Carolina Fernandes
Palavras-Chave: sexual behavior; sexual dysfunctions; sexual psychotherapy; social learning; self-efficacy; social abilities; assertiveness
Categoria: Trabalhos publicados em eventos científicos
Referência: Bonetti, J. S., Rodrigues Jr., O. M., Finotelli Jr., I., Viviani, D. H., Zeglio, C., & Fernandes, C. (2013). Constructs and concepts in psychology applied to sexual psychotherapy. Trabalho apresentado no VII World Congress of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies. WCBCT 2013 Abstract Book, Lima, 866-867.